Good news: If you add data-ajax="false" the link will work since you are linking to an "external file".
Yeah, except now you've eliminated much of the benefit of even using jQuery Mobile including the performance hit of loading jQuery Mobile multiple times. Not to mention the negative impacts to the overall user experience by turning off AJAX navigation.
You can accomplish the same behavior by passing an argument to your second page that indicates a selector target to be used for scrolling the second page to the desired position. By binding to the 'pageshow' event on the second page you can then determine the offset of matching element and scroll to that element as such: